To be, or not to be – that is the question:
Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles
And by opposing end them?
From Hamlet, by William Shakespeare (Act 3, scene i)
Which side of Hamlet’s dilemma do you agree with more: that we must put up with what life throws at us or that we can control what happens to us?
Although Shakespear identified these two ways of viewing the world, personality psychologist Julian Rotter was the first to define locus of control as people’s beliefs about the control of reinforcements and outcomes in their lives.
Locus of control: People’s beliefs about what determines their outcomes in life, their own efforts (internal) or outside circumstances, such as other people, fate, or luck (external).